Various Types of Woodland

There are various types of woodland, but in general we can classify this to three.

Mixed Deciduous

Firstly, there is mixed deciduous which be anything like, sycamore, birch, oak, ash, willow, chestnut or beech, or even a mix of any of them. Woodland can be mature, meaning that the trees have high crowns which give a lot of shade. This results in the ground being clear or almost clear. Typically, you’ll have clear views and can quite easily walk around freely. Although, other areas of your woodland might be less mature, possibly felled and replanted. Certain areas may need replanting which can be an excellent opportunity to spend time in your woodland planting new trees. Areas within your woodland may contain mature timer, when carefully marketed can reach a very good price. And with the increase in demand for firewood fuel such as heat logs, this has resulted in an even high price for good timber, ideal if you happen to be a woodland owner?

[caption id="attachment_14" align="aligncenter" width="550"]mixed deciduous mixed deciduous[/caption]

Coniferous Woodlands

Coniferous Woodlands are a fairly common types of woodland now. Typically plantations are whereby the entire woodland will be of a single species or just a few. Coniferous woodland areas normally smell fantastic too. If it has been well managed, usually provide excellent walking areas too. Year round the needles are green and vibrant. The timber grows rapidly and thinnings should be taken down and used or sold every few years to allow the final mature trees to flourish.

Typical Coniferous Woodlands


Coppice, when young deciduous trees are felled, new shoots can sprout from the remaining trunk. From the trunk and existing roots, this allows these types of trees to grow rapidly in comparison to freshly planted trees. Within just a number of years the poles of the trees are suitable in terms of length and thickness to be felled and used as fencing, minor building work or even firewood.

What coppice looks like


Throughout history, coppice poles have been the primary product of many types of woodland. Within the coppice, usually oak trees have been allowed to grow to significant maturity so that the timber is extremely valuable. Due to the vast array of power tools available, it allows far easier handling of thicker, longer timber.